Sidewalks are great places for children to play under the general supervision of parents and other natural proprietors of the street. The book continues to be Jacobs' most influential, and is still widely read by both planning professionals and the general public. The Death and Life of Great American Cities is a no-nonsense guide on how to make cities lively, vibrant, humane places to live and work. Jacobs states that sidewalks of thirty to thirty-five feet in width are ideal, capable of accommodating any demands for general play, trees to shade the activity, pedestrian circulation, adult public life, and even loitering. Jacobs posits cities as fundamentally different from towns and suburbs principally because they are full of strangers. Additionally, she points to the negative impact planning has on urban environments, including the loss of small businesses. Ihr wichtigstes Werk The Death and Life of Great American Cities (Tod und Leben großer amerikanischer Städte) erschien 1961. Ms. Jacobs outlook on the development of community and her examples of healthy and unhealthy communities is as pertinent today as it was 25 years ago. By Jane Jacobs. They are open to the public but shielded from public view, and thus "lack the checks and inhibitions exerted by eye-policed city streets," becoming flash points for destructive and malicious behavior. Nachdem Sie Produktseiten oder Suchergebnisse angesehen haben, finden Sie hier eine einfache Möglichkeit, diese Seiten wiederzufinden. The book is a critique of 1950s urban planning policy, which it holds responsible for the decline of many city neighborhoods in the United States. Jacobs highlights the anti-urban biases of the Garden City advocates and the Decentrists, especially their shared intuitions that communities should be self-contained units; that commingled land use created a chaotic, unpredictable, and negative environment; that the street was a bad locus for human interactions; that houses should be turned away from the street toward sheltered green spaces; that super-blocks fed by arterial roads were superior to small blocks with overlapping cross-roads; that any significant details should be dictated by permanent plan rather than shaped by organic dynamism; and that population density should be discouraged, or at least disguised to create a sense of isolation. Thirty years after its publication, The Death and Life of Great American Cities was described by The New York Times as "perhaps the most influential single work in the history of town planning....[It] can also be seen in a much larger context. In order to sustain the former, residents must become exceedingly deliberate in choosing their neighbors and their associations. "This is the most amazing event in the whole sorry tale: that finally people who sincerely wanted to strengthen great cities should adopt recipes frankly devised for undermining their economies and killing them." Teoksessa arvostellaan 1900-luvun kaupunkisuunnittelupolitiikkaa, syyttäen sitä monien kaupunginosien rappiosta Yhdysvalloissa. The bureaucrats and builders have successfully got rid of them, leaving only fakes and a few remnants. Rezension aus dem Vereinigten Königreich vom 29. The Death and Life of Great American Cities by Jane Jacobs (1961) Chapter 2: “The Uses of Sidewalks: Safety.” Streets in cities serve many purposes besides carrying vehicles, and city sidewalks—the pedestrian parts of the streets—serve many purposes besides carrying pedestrians. The Death and Life of Great American Cities, (Englisch) Taschenbuch – 1. Jane Jacobs provides a candid framework for understanding *what* makes cities work and *why*. The first edition of the novel was published in 1961, and was written by Jane Jacobs. 14 likes. Jacobs dispels the myth that money is the key to solving urban blight. At the opposite end of the scale, individual streets – such as Hudson Street in Greenwich Village – can also be characterized as neighborhoods. Electronic reproduction. A central challenge of the city, therefore, is to make its inhabitants feel safe, secure, and socially integrated in the midst of an overwhelming volume of rotating strangers. In it, Jane Jacobs proposed four conditions that promote life in a city. [5] Urban theorist Lewis Mumford, while finding fault with her methodology, encouraged Jacobs' early writings in the New York Review of Books. 2 Personen fanden diese Informationen hilfreich, Changed the way I look at the city where I was born and live, Rezension aus Deutschland vom 4. The book is Jacobs' best-known and most influential work. The Garden City concept was first embodied in the UK by the development of Letchworth and Welwyn Garden City, and in the US suburb of Radburn, NJ. Sidewalk life permits a range of casual public interactions, from asking for directions and getting advice from the grocer, to nodding hello to passersby and admiring a new dog. The Death and Life of Great American Cities is her single-most influential book and possibly, the most influential book on urban planning and cities. Shelf and handling wear to cover and binding, with general signs of previous use. DOI: 10.2307/794509 Corpus ID: 128022348. Urban regions were something to be close and go to, not to live in. Noting that a well-used street is apt to be relatively safe from crime, while a deserted street is apt to be unsafe, Jacobs suggests that a dense volume of human users deters most violent crimes, or at least ensures a critical mass of first responders to mitigate disorderly incidents. New York: Random House. Superficially at odds with the low-rise, low-density ideals of the Decentrists, Le Corbusier presented his vertical city, with its 1,200 inhabitants per acre, as a way of extending the primary Garden City concepts – the super-block, regimented neighborhood planning, easy automobile access, and the insertion of large grassy expanses to keep pedestrians off the streets – into the city itself, with the explicit goal of reinventing stagnant downtowns. Jacobs frames the sidewalk as a central mechanism in maintaining the order of the city. It was the only book on the book list that I have since re-read. Jacobs' anti-orthodox frustration stems from the fact that their anti-urban biases somehow became an inextricable part of the mainstream academic and political consensus on how to design cities themselves, enshrined in course curricula and federal and state legislation affecting, inter alia, housing, mortgage financing, urban renewal, and zoning decisions. $5.95 When I was in university taking urban planning over 25 years ago, Jane Jacobs was required reading. If you need more information on APA citations check out our APA citation guide or start citing with the BibGuru APA citation generator. Neighbors Neighbors. She frequently cites New York City's Greenwich Village as an example of a vibrant urban community. The Death and Life of Great American Cities was described by The New York Times as “perhaps the most influential single work in the history of town planning. The book reads really well and gives good information. Like “[Public housing projects] are not lacking in natural leaders,' [Ellen Lurie, a social worker in East Harlem] says. Second printing. Jacobs estimates the maximum effective size of a city district to be 200,000 people and 1.5 square miles, but prefers a functional definition over a spatial definition: "big enough to fight city hall, but not so big that street neighborhoods are unable to draw district attention and to count." And what can city planners do to avoid the death and encourage the life of our great American cities? This lesson cannot be institutionalized or replicated by hired help, as it is essentially an organic and informal responsibility. Death and life of great American cities. Jane Jacobs provides a candid framework for understanding *what* makes cities work and *why*. Tolles Buch! The Death and Life of Great American Cities is her single-most influential book and possibly, the most influential book on urban planning and cities. The Death and Life of Great American Cities on Jane Jacobsin vuonna 1961 julkaistu teos. Wählen Sie ein Land/eine Region für Ihren Einkauf. The Death and Life of Great American Cities was described by The New York Times as “perhaps the most influential single work in the history of town planning. Jacobs ultimately defines neighborhood quality as a function of how well it can govern and protect itself over time, employing a combination of residential cooperation, political clout, and financial vitality. The Death and Life of Great American Cities by JANE JACOBS ne of the most memorable carticatures by Max Beerbohm shows George Bernard Shaw's view of the world: it pictures the celebrated dramatist-- his expression a cross between a scowl and an impish grin-- standing gracefully on his head. Her 1961 treatise, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, became perhaps the most influential American text about the inner workings and failings of cities, inspiring generations of urban planners and activists. . She is less sympathetic toward Le Corbusier, noting with dismay that the dream city, however impractical and detached from the actual context of existing cities, "was hailed deliriously by architects, and has gradually been embodied in scores of projects, ranging from low-income public housing to office building projects." She is best known for The Death and Life of Great American Cities (1961), a powerful critique of the urban renewal policies of the 1950s in the United States. The Death and Life of Great American Cities is a 1961 non-fiction book written by Jane Jacobs, an American-Canadian journalist, author, and activist with expertise in urban history and theory. 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