The $1.7 billion hydroelectric Gibe III dam, completed in 2015, harnesses power from the Omo River. Its estimated production capacity is 6,500 GWh a year. English: Omo river, Gibe III Dam in Wolayita. In 2000, the commission issued a report saying decisions to build large hydro-electric dams must be guided by indigenous people?s free, prior and informed consent to the project. Gibe III was a true game changer for the lower Omo. NWNL So, let’s jump right into discussing that cascade of dams being constructed on the Gibe River as it plunges down steep canyons to fertile Omo River plains. Gibe III is due to be completed in 2012. The giant Gibe III dam, now being built on the Omo River in southwestern Ethiopia is a boon for some, a problem for others. Gibe 3 Dam fast facts Location 300 km (190 miles) southwest of Addis Ababa, on the Omo River Cost €1.55 billion (at current exchange rate, US$2.11 billion). Hominid fossils have been found all along the river banks and the earliest existence of mankind is believed to have started there. The tribes of the Lower Omo Valley in Ethiopia live in close contact with nature and the river they depend on. In this exclusive reportage we explore how their ancestral ways of life are being threatened by the impacts of a mega-dam, climate change and a booming tourism industry. The river runs between the two parks providing them both with its invaluable resource. Their territory is adjacent to both banks of the Omo River and, prior to the dam, lived at the Omo year-round. The dam is located about 190 miles southwest of Ethiopia's capitol Addis Ababa on the Omo River. ABEBE SINE A quick summary is that the first of this series of dams, Gibe 1, is complete and generating about 184 megawatts. PDF. Koysha Faces Smear Campaign Like Its Predecessors A dam in southern Ethiopia built to supply electricity to cities and control the flow of water for irrigating industrial agriculture has led to the displacement and loss of livelihoods of indigenous groups, the Oakland Institute has found. he said. The dam is located about 190 miles southwest of Ethiopia's capitol Addis Ababa on the Omo River. The social and environmental impacts of the dam are expected to be severe. The Omo river was renamed Omo-Bottego in his honour. Even with the possibilities of its financial benefits, experts foresee the dam being an economic disaster. The group says the dam would negatively affect people who live along the Omo River in Ethiopia as well. ItFarmer Plowing fields in Omo Valley where the River is a vital resource will block the natural flow of the River, causing a reduction of water flow to the southern part of Ethiopia, also known as Omo Valley. The Omo Valley communities will no longer be able to be self-sustaining. The tribes of the Lower Omo Valley in Ethiopia live in close contact with nature and the river they depend on. When all is said and done, the tribes of the Omo Valley who are going to be affected by this dam are going to get precious little benefit from it,? The river is used for irrigation, food, drinking water, bathing, washing and entertainment. [It was] a great move on the part of the commission at that time, but at this moment not clearly being applied to the Gibe III project in Ethiopia,? ?A choice has been made to build what will be Africa?s tallest dam without considering the effects it is going to have on the people who live immediately downstream for it,? In this exclusive reportage we explore how their ancestral ways of life are being threatened by the impacts of a mega-dam, climate change and a booming tourism industry. The Omo river, dammed for the US$1.8 billion 1,870-MW Gibe III hydroelectric dam. The dam blocks the south western part of the Omo River which runs for 760 kms from the highlands of Ethiopia to Lake Turkana in Kenya. ItFarmer Plowing fields in Omo Valley where the River is a vital resource will block the natural flow of the River, causing a reduction of water flow to the southern part of Ethiopia, also known as Omo Valley. Gibe III is more than 160 kilometers (100 miles) from where the Omo empties into Lake Turkana. Upon completion, the $1.7 billon, Gibe III power project will have capacity to generate up to 1,870 megawatts of electric power, potentially enabling Ethiopia to export power to neighboring countries. Marco De Cave. Free PDF. The Ethiopian dam-affected people – who, like those on the Kenyan side, are largely indigenous peoples leading traditional lifestyles – have heard little or nothing about the project and their options, even though the changes to the Omo will upset the fragile balance of river bank cultivation and herding they maintain, unraveling the valley’s best strategy against food insecurity. It is not interested in consulting with them properly at all,? Their territory intermixes with the Mursi and Bodi. There is no question that Ethiopia needs power. Omo River Dams in Ethiopia: Blessing or Curse? The Ethiopian government further says Gibe III, aside from generating enough electricity to power the country several times over, will increase the safety of the downstream peoples by preventing the giant floods that sweep away livestock and people. The floods will be gone in 2014 when the dam is complete. Giant dam and irrigated sugar plantations mean people in lower Omo valley face starvation and conflict, says US thinktank Residents of the … She says in 2009 the local regional administration for the area surrounding the Gibe III shut down a number of community associations, making it virtually impossible for the tribes affected to discuss their views of the dam. The Lower Omo Valley is culturally and biologically diverse and home to thousands of indigenous people. Dam controversies: contested governance and developmental discourse on the Ethiopian Omo River dam Jon Abbink African Studies Centre Leiden, P.O. Omo Valley is the home of the Omo National Park and the Mago National Park. Dam Design Roller Compacted Concrete (RCC) gravity dam 240 meters (787 ft) tall – the tallest dam … The criticism is ?unfounded and unreasonable, [and] aimed to meet self interest under the pretext of the agenda by putting political and diplomatic pressure on the country, thereby, to seek money from donors,?says the national security adviser to Prime Minister Abay Tsehaye. The Gibe 3 Dam is in the early phases of construction on Ethiopia's powerful Omo River, using $500 million dollars in equipment funded by the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC). survival of forest dependent upon seasonal flooding of omo river, cease construction of dam. may cause 290 km2 of forest dry out lack of water. says Duffield. The Omo river, dammed for the US$1.8 billion 1,870-MW Gibe III hydroelectric dam. Construction began in July 2006. The Ethiopian government is creating a cascade of five dams on the upper Omo, a mighty river that winds for 500 miles through the central highlands and … the decreased water flow of omo river resulting gibe iii dam have significant impacts on ecosystems surrounding river. Duffield explains. Salini Costruttori, an Italian company, started construction work on the project in 2006. Create a free … The Gibe III Dam is under construction in Ethiopia’s Lower Omo Valley, in the southern part of the country. It holds the potential to fundamentally alter flow patterns in the Omo River … According to the information received, Ethiopia is constructing the Gilgel Gibe III hydroelectric dam, which, once completed, will block the southwestern part of the Omo River on the border of Ethiopia and Kenya, creating a 150-km long reservoir. To complete the dam and the accompanying irrigation projects, the development plan involves forcibly removing these people from their homes. Who gives a ‘ dam ’ about the Omo River in Ethiopia? survival of forest dependent upon seasonal flooding of omo river, cease construction of dam. Photo: Alison M. Jones, courtesy of International Rivers. Duffield says the proponents have failed to explore other options first, like small scale hydropower dams, wind and solar power. Here the Omo flows through the Mago and Omo National Parks, home to several tribes. Omo River, river in southwestern Ethiopia, eastern Africa. The lower Omo valley is rich in wildlife and was designated a UNESCO World Ethiopia launches new Omo River hydroelectric plant Some fear the dam could destroy traditional ways of life A new hydroelectric plant has been inaugurated in Ethiopia - part of a controversial project on the Omo River. Gibe 2 is under construction and may be completed after a year. energy that can supply electricity to millions. The Ethiopian government says with the construction of the dam it plans to boost the current 2,000 megawatts hydropower generation capacity to 8,000. Water security and sustainability of the Gibe III dam through a social - ecological analysis. Project costs have increased 11% since 2006. Salini Costruttori, an Italian company, started construction work on the dam at the end of 2006, and it is now complete. In the case of the Gibe III dam, the rapid changes could have substantial effects on the people living downstream who depend on the river’s regular pulse floods for farming and fishing. In 2006 construction of the Gibe III Hydroelectric dam began. Industry associations and lending institutions say they have retooled their evaluation procedures for large hydro dams and have started to apply new construction guidelines developed by a discussion forum, the World Commission on Dams. Construction of the dam will deny water to the locals who depend on Lake Turkana for survival. Even with the increased power output, most households in Ethiopia will receive limited or no electricity. The lower Omo valley is rich in wildlife and was designated a UNESCO World The filling of the reservoir behind Gibe III Dam on the Omo The lake could start drying up when its main source, the Omo River, is depleted by a huge dam across the border in Ethiopia. The Gilgel Gibe III hydroelectric dam under construction in Ethiopia is no small piece of infrastructure. Karo Warriors, Omo River Region, Ethiopia Charles Roffey The Omo River Valley is in the southwestern region of Ethiopia and is the home of tribes living very much the same way they have for hundreds of years. Supporters say it will provide electricity for millions of Africans. In conjunction with the dam plans, there have been plans for constructing a new highway that would cross the Omo River from Sudan to Kenya; but that failed as the bridge collapsed before open due to poor construction. For the indigenous tribes and animals that call Omo Valley home, disruption of the Omo River's flow is predicted to change their way of living forever. But evidence is mounting that the dam could be a development disaster for Ethiopia and the region. The Omo River and Lake Turkana are the lifeline to an estimated 1 million people that live in Ethiopia and Kenya. However, the current discussion about it still appears limited to technical solutions to the dam implementation. omo river basin home pristine riparian forest remaining in drylands of sub-saharan africa. Construction began in July 2006. The dam is located about 190 miles southwest of Ethiopia's capitol Addis Ababa on the Omo River. For better of worse, the Gilgel Gibe III Dam currently under construction far upstream will transform this region. The Kerio and Turkwel rivers supply most of the water that flows into Lake Turkana within Kenya's borders. This is not an electrification project for the benefit of the people who are living in the area. The Gibe III will curb the Omo?s season floodwaters, which provide water and silt to enrich local farmland. ?The Ethiopian government is entirely unconcerned about the tribes living in the lower Omo Valley. (The Plan is online as 16 MB PDF — or 4 MB PDF). Nyangatom herders lead their cattle to the Omo River to drink. But what the World Bank hasn?t done, she says, is to adequately implement the standard of free, prior and informed consent, which she says is absolutely vital to tribal people all over the world. Dam controversies: contested governance and developmental discourse on the Ethiopian Omo River dam Article / Letter to editor State mega-infrastructure projects in developing countries evoke challenges to citizenship and reconstruct the imagery of statecraft. Angelei and Friends of Lake Turkana say at least 200,000 indigenous people are heavily dependent on the Omo River for their survival. Download with Google Download with Facebook. or. Ethiopia constructed the Gibe III hydro-electric power dam along River Omo, which is the main source of water for Lake Turkana – the world’s largest desert lake and a Unesco heritage site located in northern Kenya. A similar story exists for GERD. Last March the government announced plans to build a new, 2,000-MW hydropower dam also on the Omo River. “The Omo River is a lifeline for hundreds of thousands of indigenous people in southwest Ethiopia and northern Kenya. Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi has repeatedly stressed that no outside pressure would stop the Ethiopian government from completing the construction of the dam. Omo River, river in southwestern Ethiopia, eastern Africa. complete the Gibe III Dam. The plan recommended that a dam be built on the Omo River in conjunction with irrigated plantations downstream, made possible by the dam’s regulation of the Omo River’s flow. Duffield warns. Survival International is spearheading a campaign to stop the building of the Ethiopian dam and is urging the African Development Bank and other institutions to stop funding the project. Once complete, it will be the largest hydro power plant in Africa and will produce 6,500 GWH a year. Many of the tribes depend on the annual flood cycle of the Omo River to sustain their crops. the decreased water flow of omo river resulting gibe iii dam have significant impacts on ecosystems surrounding river. There are several power stations and dams in the Omo River basin which are named after the Gilgel Gibe River and Gibe River, which are tributaries of the Omo River. In the lower Omo River Valley of southern Ethiopia, a spreading humanitarian emergency that threatens to spawn conflicts in the region is largely being met with silence from both the Ethiopian government and the international community. The lake gets more than 80 percent of its fresh water from the Omo River. Dam controversies: contested governance and developmental discourse on the Ethiopian Omo River dam Article / Letter to editor State mega-infrastructure projects in developing countries evoke challenges to citizenship and reconstruct the imagery of statecraft. Supporters say it will provide electricity for millions of Africans. Report: E. African Minorities Losing Resources, Commercial exploitation of natural resources exacerbates scarcity, deepens longstanding animosities between indigenous communities, Giant Ethiopian Dam Said to Threaten Indigenous Groups, Rights groups argue construction of new dam will disrupt natural flood cycles and seriously impact lives of more than 200,000 people, Tunnel Collapse Closes Ethiopia's New Hydropower Project, Collapse has at least temporarily halted Ethiopia's plans to solve its chronic power shortage. In this exclusive reportage we explore how their ancestral ways of life are being threatened by the impacts of a mega-dam, climate change and a booming tourism industry. The Omo River flows entirely within Southern Ethiopia, emptying into Lake Turkana near the Kenyan border. The Lower Omo Valley is a region of fertile grasslands, terraced hillsides, broad rivers, and … It rises in the Ethiopian Plateau and flows southward for about 400 miles (644 km) into the northern end of Lake Rudolf; it is the lake’s only perennial affluent. The Omo River has a unique geo-political dynamic. says Duffield. she says. ?It?s important to point out that electricity generated by the dam is not going directly to Ethiopia,? This will have a major impact on the livelihoods of the tribes and the ability to maintain a life based on simple cultivation of the earth and animal herds on pastures. A massive hydro-electric dam, Gibe III, has now been built on the Omo river in order to support vast commercial plantations that are forcing the tribes from their land. US Marks 400th Anniversary of Arrival of First Africans, The Dragon's Reach - China's Economic Power Play. Dam construction in the Omo River is already under way and several more dams are planned. It is already altering the downstream conditions of Omo River and Lake Turkana, shared by Ethiopia and Kenya, posing a threat to the livelihoods of thousand people. The Omo River is also a lifeline for the Ancient African tribes that live in the Omo Valley. The river and the lake provide irrigation to the lower valley's agriculture and drinking water for the people and animals. Duffield says. After a NWNL Omo River Expedition in Ethiopia, Alison Jones visited Arba Minch 1) to interview Water Technology Institute [WTI] scientists focused on Ethiopia’s water resources and hydrologic projects; and to discuss her 100-page Proposed Management Plan for Nech Sar National Park with the current manager of that park. It comprises an RCC dam and an open-air powerhouse with 10 Francis turbines that offer an overall installed power of 1,870 MW and a generation capacity of 6,500 GWh/year. Africa. The dam will threaten their survival too,? Gibe III is the third hydropower plant on the Omo River, what they’re calling a hydroelectric cascade. Others are finishing the concrete lining to the last of three 1,000m long tunnels that have already begun diverting the Omo River waters around the main construction site. The Gibe III will be the largest hydroelectric plant in Africa. This is because the Omo river, on which Gibe III dam is built, is its umbilical cord. The giant Gibe III dam, now being built on the Omo River in southwestern Ethiopia is a boon for some, a problem for others. The Gibe 3 Hydropower Dam, already under construction, will dramatically alter the Omo River’s flood cycle, affecting ecosystems and livelihoods all the way down to the world’s largest desert lake, Kenya’s Lake Turkana. The land is largely dry savanna, with the Omo River cutting a nearly 475-mile-long swath down to Lake Turkana on the Kenya border. A very controversial dam, the Gibe III is being constructed up river from their lands. Herbert Henry Austin and his men reached the Omo delta on 12 September 1898, and found that an Ethiopian expedition, led by Ras Wolda Giyorgis, had previously planted Ethiopian flags on the northern shore of Lake Turkana on 7 April, as well as having plundered the locals and reduced them to poverty. ?Ethiopia will accomplish the construction at any cost whether donors continue funds or not,? Yo, el titular de los derechos de autor de esta obra, la publico en los términos de la siguiente licencia: Este archivo está disponible bajo la licencia Creative Commons Atribución-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional. It is considered to be the countries largest investment project and is expected to supply Ethiopia half of its electricity. The dam is owned by the Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation and is projected to be complete by the year 2012 or 2013. The country is predicting that the export of electricity will surpass its export of coffee. The Kerio River has two main tributaries, the Embobut River and the Arror River, both of which f… omo river basin home pristine riparian forest remaining in drylands of sub-saharan africa. The dam wall will be 240 meters high, the tallest dam in Africa, and create a 150-kilometer-long reservoir. The Kwegu fish, eat wild game and a large variety of wild plants, and collect wild honey. Location 190 miles (300 km) southwest of Addis Ababa, on the Omo River Cost US $1.7 billion Dam Design Roller Compacted Concrete (RCC) gravity dam 787 ft (240 meters) tall – the tallest dam in Africa Despite the somewhat confusing naming they are native power stations and dams located on the Omo River. The new Koysha hydroelectric project, located in the southwest of the country, will be the fourth of a cascade of dams along the Omo River, after Gilgel Gibe I, Gilgel Gibe II and the Gibe III hydroelectric project. Eight distinct ethnic groups … The damage caused by the Gibe III dam could be far reaching, according to Lindsay Duffield campaigner at Survival International. Should this project proceed, the factory will likely increase water consumption from the Omo River, which is the most important source of water for Lake Turkana. The Gibe III Dam has greatly reduced the Omo floods the local people rely on for agriculture. The Koysha plant will have an installed capacity of … The tribes of the Lower Omo Valley in Ethiopia live in close contact with nature and the river they depend on. Download Free PDF. But others, like the British-based human rights group Survival International, say it will have a devastating effect on an estimated 200,000 people living in the area of the dam. ?If they don?t have this very basic standard, which the World Bank should endorse, the results could be very devastating,? The completion of Gibe III, Africa's tallest dam to date, has eliminated the annual flood and radically reduced the Omo's flow, which produces 90% of Lake Turkana's freshwater input. ? Plans for the Gibe III Dam date back to the 1996 African Development Bank-commissioned Omo-Gibe Masterplan. Its potential impacts on water flow and quality in the area, as well as on the values of the World Heritage site, have yet to be fully assessed. It will reduce the flow of water to farmers and pastoralists living downstream, including those 600 kilometres to the south in Kenya, where the river flows … The first large dam on the Omo River, Gibe III takes its name from a tributary of the Omo, the Gibe River… Duffield says. She credits the World Bank for taking more account of environmental and social issues in its planning and for establishing a complaints procedure for affected tribal communities. The Kerio River, which begins in Kenya's Amasya Hills and drains into Lake Turkana, has a length of 217 miles. It rises in the Ethiopian Plateau and flows southward for about 400 miles (644 km) into the northern end of Lake Rudolf; it is the lake’s only perennial affluent. Upon completion, the Gibe III dam will be the second largest hydroelectric power plant in Africa, also providing electricity to needing neighbor countries. The National Security Advisor to the Ethiopian prime minister, Abay Tsehaye, is quoted as saying the ongoing campaign against the Gibe III dam is an ?empty attempt of some interest groups who do not want to see Ethiopia march towards development.? Some hydrologists have predicted that Ethiopia’s expansion of water-intensive sugar and cotton plantations on the Omo river, which the Gibe 111 dam allows, could reduce flow to … Supporters say the Gibe III and other large hydroelectric dams provide cheap and efficient ?green? Koysha Dam will have a capacity to generate 2000MW of electricity on the lower bank of the Omo River, which is an outward-bound river of Ethiopia to join Lake Turkana, near the Kenyan border in southern Ethiopia. Box 9555 2300 RB Leiden The Netherlands. The discovery of human remains dating back nearly 2.5 million years prompted Unesco to dub the Lower Valley a World Heritage site in 1980. Koysha does not add anything new, whether or not Koysha exists does not change the general picture anymore so all these NGOs are silent. With Gibe III Dam holding back the river’s water, grasses for livestock grazing and soil moisture for crop production have diminished downstream for the indigenous tribal communities, spreading hunger in the lower Omo Valley. The Ethiopian government, on the other hand, says criticism of the hydroelectric project is fabricated and ?far from reality.? [8] The project is located on the Omo River, approximately 300 Km south-west of Ethiopia's capital, Addis Ababa. Even with the current grid expansion most households will rely on charcoal and wood. The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile River, which will become the 11th-largest in the world, with an installed capacity of 6,000 MW, is currently more than 70% complete. a 2,000-strong band of Omo-flood cultivators, hunters and gatherers, and goat herders. Dam on Ethiopia’s Omo River Causing Hunger and Conflict In the lower Omo River Valley of southern Ethiopia, a spreading humanitarian emergency that threatens to spawn conflicts in the region is largely being met with silence from both the Ethiopian government and the international community. Teams of workers are blasting out the "keyhole" - the slot in the side of the valley that will hold the dam wall in place. abbink@ascleiden.nl The Gibe III hydropower dam, due for completion in 2014, is being built on the Omo River in southern Ethiopia. The reason for this is the lack of grids in the country. ?A great deal of it will actually be taken across the border to Kenya because the governments have already made agreements. 2. ?The Omo River is the primary source of Kenya?s famous Lake Turkana, which supports the lives of 300,000 people who pasture their cattle on its banks and fish there. ItFarmer Plowing fields in Omo Valley where the River is a vital resource will block the natural flow of the River, causing a reduction of water flow to the southern part of Ethiopia, also known as Omo Valley. The Lower Omo Valley is a UNESCO World Heritage site, in recognition of its archaeological and geological importance. Fecha: 19 de mayo de 2016: Fuente: Trabajo propio: Autor: Mimi Abebayehu: Licencia. At nearly 244 meters tall, Gibe III is Africa’s tallest dam and the continent’s third largest hydroelectric plant. The Ethiopian Government is planning a series of upstream dams on the Omo River; the most imminent is the Gibe III hydroelectric dam, already two years into construction. Plans for the Gibe III Dam date back to the 1996 African Development Bank-commissioned Omo-Gibe Masterplan. There is a financial benefit from the dam as well, with opportunities to export power to Djibouti, Kenya, Sudan and other country's. Consider Ethiopia’s Gibe dams on the Omo River basin: Ethiopia’s unilateral damming, especially in the Omo River basin, including the Gibe cascade, devastated the … Video shows moment dam gate collapsed at Lake Dunlap - YouTube The loss of the Omo River flood Reports from local people by the banks of the Omo River December 2009 – January 2010. The plan recommended that a dam be built on the Omo River in conjunction with irrigated plantations downstream, made possible by the dam’s regulation of the Omo River’s flow. 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